What is Google?
A: Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products.
Google began in January 1996 as a what?
A: A research project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while students at Stanford University.
Larry and Sergey theorized about a better search system that did what?
A: Analyzed the relationships among websites.
What did they call this new technology?
How did it determine a website's relevance?
A: By the number of pages, and the importance of those pages that linked back to the original site.
What did Page and Brin originally nickname their new search engine?
A: Because the system checked back links to estimate the importance of a site.
Eventually, they changed the name to what?
The name of the search engine originated from a misspelling of what word?
A: Googol, the number 1 followed by 100 zeros.
It was picked to signify that the search engine was intended to do what?
A: Provide large quantities of information.
When was the domain name for Google registered?
A: On September 15, 1997.
When was the company incorporated?
A: On September 4, 1998.
Where was it based?
A: In the garage of a friend (Susan Wojcickj), in Menlo Park,
Who was hired as the first employee?
A: Craig Silverstein, a fellow PhD student at Stanford.
Google was initially funded by an August 1998 contribution of $100,000 from whom?
A: Andy Bechtolsheim, co-founder of Sun Microsystems.
The money was given before Google was what?
Google received money from how many other angel investors in 1998?
Who were they?
A: Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos, Stanford University computer science professor David Cheriton, and entrepreneur Ram Shriram.
Early in 1999, Brin and Page decided they wanted to do what?
A: Sell Google to Excite.
They went to Excite CEO George Bell and offered to sell it to him for how much money?
A: $1 million.
Google's initial public offering (IPO) took place how much later?
A: Five years, on August 19, 2004.
Larry Page, Sergey Brin, and Eric Schmidt agreed to work together at Google for how long?
A: 20 years, until the year 2024.
At IPO, the company offered 19,605,052 shares at what price per share?
Shares were sold in an online auction format using a system built by whom?
A: Morgan Stanley and Credit Suisse, underwriters for the deal.
The sale of $1.67 bn (billion) gave Google a market capitalization of how much?
A: More than $23bn.
By January 2014, its market capitalization had grown to how much?
The vast majority of the 271 million shares remained under whose control?
Many Google employees became what?
A: Instant paper millionaires.
Why did Yahoo!, a competitor of Google, also benefit?
A: Because it owned 8.4 million shares of Google before the IPO took place.
There were concerns that Google's IPO would lead to what?
A: Changes in company culture.
As a reply to this concern, co-founders Brin and Page promised what in a report to potential investors?
A: That the IPO would not change the company's culture.
In 2005, articles in The New York Times and other sources began suggesting what?
A: That Google had lost its anti-corporate, no evil philosophy.
In an effort to maintain the company's unique culture, Google designated a what?
A: A Chief Culture Officer, who also serves as the Director of
What is the purpose of the Chief Culture Officer?
A: To develop and maintain the culture and work on ways to keep true to the core values that the company was founded on: a flat organization with a collaborative environment.
Google has also faced allegations from former employees of what?
A: Sexism and ageism.
The stock performed well after the IPO, with shares hitting how much for the first time on October 31, 2007?
What was the primary reason?
A: Because of strong sales and earnings in the online advertising market.
The surge in stock price was fueled mainly by individual investors, as opposed to what?
A: Large institutional investors and mutual funds.
What did GOOG shares split into?
A: GOOG class C shares and GOOGL class A shares.
The company is listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange under what ticker symbols?
A: GOOGL and GOOG.
In March 1999, where did the company move its offices to?
A: Palo Alto, California.
The next year, Google began selling advertisements associated with what?
A: Search keywords.
Page and Brin initially opposed what?
A: An advertising-funded search engine.
Why were advertisements olely text-based?
A: To maintain an uncluttered page design.
This model of selling keyword advertising was first pioneered by whom?
A: Goto.com, an Idealab spin-off created by Bill Gross.
In 2001, Google received a patent for what?
A: Its PageRank mechanism.
The patent was officially assigned to whom?
A: Stanford University and lists Lawrence Page as the
In 2003, after outgrowing two other locations, the company leased what?
A: An office complex from Silicon Graphics, at 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway in Mountain View, California.
The complex became known as the what?
A: Googleplex, a play on the word googolplex, the number one followed by a googol zeroes.
Who designed the Googleplex interiors?
A: They were designed by Clive Wilkinson Architects.
When did the first use of "Google" as a verb in pop culture take place?
A: It happened on the TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, in 2002.
In 2005, The Washington Post reported on a 700 percent increase in third-quarter profit for Google, largely thanks to what?
A: Large companies shifting their advertising strategies from newspapers, magazines, and television to the Internet.
In January 2008, what was the aggregated size of all the data that passed through Google's MapReduce software component per day?
A: 20 petabytes.
In 2009, a CNN report about top political searches of 2009 noted what?
A: That "more than a billion searches" are being typed into Google on a daily basis.
In May 2011, the number of monthly unique visitors to Google surpassed what?
A: One billion for the first time.