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Animal Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers

Trivia quiz questions about all kinds of animals.

 

Animal Trivia Quiz Questions and Answers
What is an earthworm?
A: An earthworm is a tube-shaped, segmented worm that lives in the soil.

What do they eat?
A: They feed on live and dead organic matter.

How do they breathe?
A: Through their skin.

Earthworms are hermaphrodites: each individual carries what?
A: Both male and female sex organs.

As invertebrates, they lack what?
A: An internal skeleton or exoskeleton.

What are cattle?
A: Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.

Cattle are commonly raised as livestock for what?
A: Meat, milk, and hides.

 
They are used as what?
A: Riding animals and draft animals (oxen or bullocks, which pull carts, plows and other implements).

Another product of cattle is dung, which can be used to do what?
A: Create manure or fuel.

In some regions, such as parts of India, cattle have significant what?
A: Religious meaning.

Cattle, mostly small breeds such as the Miniature Zebu, are kept as what?
A: Pets.

Around 10,500 years ago where were cattle domesticated from as few as 80 progenitors?
A: In southeast Turkey.

According to an estimate from 2011, there are how many cattle in the world?
A: 1.4 billion.

In 2009, cattle became one of the first livestock animals to have a fully mapped what?
A: Genome.

 
Some consider cattle the oldest form of what?
A: Wealth.

What is a horse?
A: The horse is an odd-toed ungulate mammal belonging to the taxonomic family Equidae. The horse has evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from what, into the large, single-toed animal of today?
A: A small multi-toed creature.

When humans did begin domesticating horses?
A: Around 4000 BC.

Their domestication is believed to have been widespread by when?
A: 3000 BC.

Horses in the subspecies caballus are domesticated, although some domesticated populations live in the wild as what?
A: Feral horses.

Horses' anatomy enables them to make use of speed to escape what?
A: Predators.

 
They have a well-developed sense of balance and a strong what?
A: Fight-or-flight response.

Related to this need to flee from predators in the wild is what unusual trait?
A: Horses are able to sleep both standing up and lying down.

Younger horses tend to sleep significantly more than what?
A: Adults.

How long do female horses, called mares, carry their young?
A: For approximately 11 months.

What can a young horse, called a foal, do shortly following birth?
A: It can stand and run.

At what age do most domesticated horses begin training under saddle or in harness?
A: Between the ages of two and four.

They reach full adult development by what age?
A: Five.

 
What is their average lifespan?
A: Between 25 and 30 years.

What is an emu?
A: The emu is the second-largest living bird by height, after its ratite relative, the ostrich.

It is endemic to where?
A: Australia where it is the largest native bird and the only extant member of the genus Dromaius.

The emu's range covers most of mainland Australia, but the Tasmanian emu and King Island emu subspecies became extinct after what?
A: The European settlement of Australia in 1788.

The bird is sufficiently common for it to be rated as a what?
A: A least-concern species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Emus are soft-feathered, brown, flightless birds with long what?
A: Necks and legs.

How tall can they get?
A: Up to 1.9 meters (6.2 ft) in height.

 
Emus can travel great distances, and when necessary can sprint how fast?
A: 50 km/h (31 mph).

What do they eat?
A: They forage for a variety of plants and insects.

They drink infrequently, but when do they take in copious amounts of water?
A: When the opportunity arises.

When does breeding take place?
A: Breeding takes place in May and June.

Fighting among females for a mate is what?
A: Common.

The emu is an important cultural icon of Australia, appearing on what?
A: The coat of arms and various coins.

The bird features prominently in what?
A: Indigenous Australian mythology.

 
What is an Iguana?
A: An Iguana is a genus of herbivorous lizards that are native to tropical areas of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.

What two species are included in the genus Iguana?
A: The green iguana, which is widespread throughout its range and a popular pet, and the Lesser Antillean iguana, which is native to the Lesser Antilles and endangered due to habitat destruction and hybridization with introduced green iguanas.

What is the word "iguana" derived from?
A: The original Taino name for the species, iwana.

How long are Iguanas?
A: They can range from 1.5 to 1.8 meters (5 to 6 ft) in length, including their tail.

The two species of lizard within the genus Iguana possess a dewlap, which is a what?
A: A row of spines running down their backs to their tails, and a tiny "third eye" on their heads.

This light-sensing organ is known as the what?
A: Parietal eye, visible as a pale scale on the top of the head.

It cannot make out details, just what?
A: Brightness.

 
Iguanas have keen vision and can see what?
A: Shapes, shadows, colors, and movement at long distances.

Their visual acuity enables them to navigate through what?
A: Crowded forests and to locate food.

They employ visual signals to communicate with whom?
A: Other members of the same species.

Like most reptiles, an iguana has a three-chambered what?
A: Heart with two atria, one ventricle, and two aortae with a systemic circulation.

What is an opossum?
A: The opossum is a marsupial of the order Didelphimorphia endemic to the Americas.

Where did opossums originate?
A: In South America and entered North America in the Great American Interchange following the connection of the two continents.

Their unspecialized biology, flexible diet, and reproductive habits make them what?
A: Successful colonizers and survivors in diverse locations and conditions.

 
The animal is also known as a what?
A: A possum, particularly in North America.

The word "opossum" is borrowed from what language?
A: The Powhatan language and was first recorded between 1607 and 1611 by John Smith (as opassom) and William Strachey (as aposoum).

Didelphimorphs are small to medium-sized marsupials that grow to what size?
A: The size of a house cat.

Like some New World monkeys, opossums have what kind of tails?
A: Prehensile tails.

Like that of all marsupials, the fur consists of awn hair only, and the females have a what?
A: A pouch.

Although all living opossums are essentially opportunistic omnivores, different species vary in the amount of what?
A: Meat and vegetation they include in their diet.

Opossums are usually solitary and nomadic, staying where?
A: In one area as long as food and water are easily available.

 
Some families will group together in ready-made burrows or even where?
A: Under houses.

Though they will temporarily occupy abandoned burrows, they do not do what?
A: Dig or put much effort into building their own.

As nocturnal animals, they favor what?
A: Dark, secure areas. These areas may be below ground or above.