Many species of animals are endemic to China, including the country's most famous wildlife species, the what?
A: The giant panda.
In all, about one-sixth of mammal species and two-thirds of amphibian species in China are what?
A: Endemic to the country.
Wildlife in China share habitat with and bear acute pressure from the worlds largest what?
A: Population of humans.
How many species are threatened, vulnerable or in danger of local extinction in China, due mainly to human activity?
A: At least 840.
Endangered wildlife is protected by law, and as of 2005, the country has over
The reserves cover a total area of 149.95 million hectares (578,960 square miles), about what percentage of China's total land area?
A: 15 percent.
Unlike human beings, who number over 1.3 billion, most of China's other primate species are what?
Both apes and monkeys, particularly gibbons and macaques are prominently featured in Chinese what?
A: Culture, folk religion, art and
Monkey is one of the 12 animals of the Chinese what?
Apart from humans, what are the only other apes native to China?
A: The gibbons.
Gibbons are tree-dwellers, using their long arms to do what?
A: Swing from branches.
Gibbons can be recognized by what?
A: Their loud calls, with mating pairs often singing together as a duet.
The Hainan black crested gibbon is among the rarest and most what?
A: Endangered apes.
Endemic to the island of Hainan, there are fewer than how many individuals left in the Bawangling National Nature Reserve?
Like many other gibbons, male Hainan black crested gibbons are black in color while females are what color?
A: Golden brown.
What are the most commonly found monkeys in China?
A: Macaques, which have oversized cheeks to store food and live in large troops.
Stump-tailed macaques have distinct red faces and live where?
A: Throughout southern China.
The Formosan rock macaque is endemic to where?
Monkey brain is a “what" in parts of Guangxi and Guangdong?
A: A delicacy.
Macaques are often hunted for what?
From 1998 to 2004, the number of rhesus macaques in China fell from 254,000 to about how many?
Over the same period, the Tibetan macaque population fell by 83% from about 100,000 to only about how many?
China's big cat species include what?
A: The tiger, leopard, snow leopard and clouded leopard.
Tiger bones are used in what?
A: Traditional Chinese medicine and tiger fur is used for decoration.
The Siberian tiger occurs where?
A: In the Northeast, along the border with Russia and North Korea.
The Caspian tiger was last seen in the Manasi River Basin of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the
1960s, where this population is now what?
Where have the Asian golden cat and leopard cat been recorded?
A: In the Changqing National Nature Reserve in the Qinling Mountains and in the Tangjiahe National Nature Reserve in the Min Mountains.
The canidae family has several members in China including what?
A: The gray wolf, dhole, red
fox, corsac fox, Tibetan sand fox and raccoon
The gray wolf, the largest of the canids, has two subspecies in China—the Eurasian wolf, which is found across Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang in the northern fringe of the country, and the what?
A: Tibetan wolf, which lives on the Tibetan Plateau.
Some of the earliest dogs may have been domesticated in East Asia, and several Chinese dog breeds including the shar-pei and chow chow are among the most ancient in terms of what?
A: DNA similarity to the gray wolf.
The dhole is closely related to what?
A: Jackals and coyotes and found throughout China.
The red fox, the largest fox species, can be found where?
A: In every part of China except the northwest.
The raccoon dog, one of the few canids that can climb trees, is native to where?
A: Eastern and northeastern China.
Foxes (including the non-native Arctic fox) and raccoon dogs are farmed for their what?
A: Their fur.
How many foxes and about the same number of raccoon dogs were raised on Chinese farms in
A: As many as 1.5 million.
The giant panda, perhaps China's most famous wildlife species, lives where?
A: In six patches of highland valleys of the Min, Qionglai, Liang, Daxiangling, Xiaoxiangling and Qinling Mountains of the upper Yangtze River basin, which are spread over 45 counties in Sichuan, Gansu and Shaanxi.
Only about 1,600 live in the wild (80% in Sichuan) along with about how many in captivity in Chinese breeding centers and zoos?
Though classified as an omnivore, the giant panda's diet is over 90% what?
Its black and white coloration provides a degree camouflage in the dense forests, but the adult animal has no what?
A: Natural predators.
Giant pandas are notoriously difficult to what?
A: To breed; they have short mating periods, and give birth to only one or two cubs per year.
The giant panda cub is the smallest baby, compared in proportion to the parents, of any what?
A: Any placental mammal.
The giant panda is considered to be a what?
A: A national treasure and is an endangered species protected by state law.
Other more common bears in China include what?
A: The Asiatic black bear and the brown bear which are found across much of the country.
Bears, especially black bears, are also raised in captivity to harvest what?
A: Their bile for use in traditional Chinese medicine.
The red panda, which unlike the giant panda is not a bear but a relative of the raccoon and weasel families, is found where?
A: In Sichuan and Yunnan.
The civet family of small furry mammals feed on what?
insects and rodents has numerous members throughout southern China.
The masked palm civet is considered a delicacy and is hunted and what?
A: Farm raised.
The small Indian civet is trapped and farm raised to harvest musk, which is used to make what?
A: Perfume and traditional Chinese medicine.
Mongoose belong to a family closely related to what?
In China, they are considered beneficial animals because they eat what?
A: Rodents and snakes, which are considered to be pests.