What is Labor Day?
A: Labor Day in the United States of America is a public
holiday celebrated on the first Monday in September.
What does it honor?
A: It honors the American labor movement and the contributions that workers have made to the strength, prosperity,
laws, and well-being of the
It is the Monday of the long weekend known as what?
A: Labor Day Weekend.
It is recognized as a federal what?
Beginning in the late 19th century, as the trade union and labor movements grew different groups of trade unionists chose a variety of days on which to do what?
A: Celebrate labor.
According to one early history of Labor Day, the event originated in connection with what?
A: A General Assembly of the Knights of Labor convened in
New York City in September 1882.
What was held in connection with this clandestine Knights assembly?
A: A public parade of various labor organizations was held on September 5 under the auspices of the Central Labor Union (CLU) of
Secretary of the CLU Matthew Maguire is credited for first proposing what?
A: That a national Labor Day holiday subsequently be held on the first Monday of each September.
P. J. McGuire, Vice President of the American Federation of Labor, is frequently credited as the what?
A: The father of Labor Day in the United States.
An alternative thesis is maintained that the idea of Labor Day was the brainchild of whom?
A: Peter J. McGuire, a vice president of the American Federation of Labor, who put forward the initial proposal in the spring of 1882.
According to McGuire, on May 8, 1882, he made a proposition to the fledgling Central Labor Union in New York City that a day be set aside for what?
A: A "general holiday for the laboring classes".
According to McGuire he further recommended that the event should begin with what?
A: A street parade as a public demonstration of organized labor's solidarity and strength.
The march would be followed by a what?
A: A picnic, to which participating local unions could sell tickets as a fundraiser.
According to McGuire, why did he suggest the first Monday in September as an ideal date for such a public celebration?
A: Because of optimum weather and the date's place on the calendar, sitting midway between the
Fourth of July and
Thanksgiving public holidays.
In 1909 the American Federation of Labor convention designated the Sunday preceding Labor Day as what?
A: "Labor Sunday", to be dedicated to the spiritual and educational aspects of the labor movement.
This secondary date failed to what?
A: Gain significant traction in popular culture.
In 1887 what state became the first state of the United States to make Labor Day an official public holiday?
By the time it became an official federal holiday in 1894, how many U.S. states already officially celebrated Labor Day?
All U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the United States territories have subsequently made Labor Day a what?
A: A statutory holiday.
The date of May 1 (an ancient European folk holiday known as May Day) emerged in 1886 as an alternative holiday for what?
A: The celebration of labor, later becoming known as
International Workers' Day.
The date had its origins at what 1885 convention?
A: The American Federation of Labor, which passed a resolution calling for adoption of the eight-hour day effective May 1, 1886.
While negotiation was envisioned for achievement of the shortened work day, use of the strike to enforce this demand was recognized, with what date advocated as a date for coordinated strike action?
A: May 1.
The proximity of the date to the bloody Haymarket affair of May 4, 1886, further accentuated what?
A: May First's radical reputation.
There was disagreement among labor unions at this time about what?
A: What the date should be.
Some advocating for continued emphasis of the September march-and-picnic date while others sought what?
A: The designation of the more politically-charged date of May 1.
Conservative Democratic President Grover Cleveland was one of those concerned about what?
A: That a labor holiday on May 1 would tend to become a commemoration of the Haymarket Affair and would strengthen
socialist and anarchist movements that backed the May 1 commemoration around the globe.
In 1887, he publicly supported what?
A: The September Labor Day holiday as a less inflammatory alternative.
In what year was the date formally adopted as a United States federal holiday?
A: In 1894.
Why is Labor Day called the "unofficial end of summer"?
A: Because it marks the end of the cultural summer season.
In the United States, what do many school districts resume around the Labor Day holiday?
Many school districts begin the week before, making Labor Day weekend the first what?
A: Three-day weekend of the school calendar.
Others return the Tuesday following Labor Day, allowing families what?
A: One final getaway before the school year begins.
In the U.S. state of Virginia, the amusement park industry has successfully lobbied for legislation requiring most school districts in the state to have their first day of school when?
A: After Labor Day, in order to give families another weekend to visit amusement parks in the state.
What was the relevant statute nicknamed?
A: The "Kings Dominion law" after one such park.
In Minnesota when does the State Fair end?
A: On Labor Day.
Under state law public schools normally do not begin until when?
A: After the holiday.
This allows time for school children to do what?
A: To show 4-H projects at the Fair.
In fashion, Labor Day is (or was) considered the last day when it is acceptable to wear what?
A: White or seersucker.
In big cities, people try to go outside and enjoy what over the Labor Day Weekend?
A: Beaches and barbecues.
To take advantage of large numbers of potential customers with time to shop, Labor Day has become an important weekend for what?
A: Discounts and allowances by many retailers in the United States, especially for back-to-school sales.
Some retailers claim it is what?
A: One of the largest sale dates of the year, second only to the Christmas season's Black Friday.